ABOUT THE TRANSPORTATION
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DRAFT REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION
IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM (TIP) OF 12/1/2011
DRAFT STATE TRANSPORTATION
IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM (STIP) OF 12/1/2011
OZONE AIR QUALITY CONFORMITY FOR TIP AS OF 11/2011
PARTICULATE AIR QUALITY CONFORMITY FOR TIP AS OF 11/2011
5. SEE SECTION
5C BELOW FOR LEGAL NOTICE ON STIP AND TIP AS OF 12/1/2011
1. DEFINITION OF TRANSPORTATION
The Regional Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) is the
list of all federally funded transportation projects in the
Housatonic Valley Region. The projects included on this list
are scheduled to receive federal transportation funds within
the next five years.
TIP for the Region is part of the Statewide
Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) maintained by the Connecticut Department of Transportation
of the combined STIP/TIP by the Housatonic Valley Council
of Elected Officials (HVCEO), acting as the federally required
Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO), is required before
any federal funds can be expended on transportation projects
in the Housatonic Valley Region. This link gives local governments
some influence over the process.
This project review and approval role has been bestowed
upon HVCEO since 1975 by federal regulations. However,
HVCEO cannot act within a policy vacuum. Its own regional
transportation policies must be clearly set forth
in its Regional Transportation Plan.
Federal transportation regulations specifically provide
regional agencies in Connecticut including HVCEO with
the opportunity to cooperate with Conn DOT on decisions
regarding how federal transportation funds are spent.
The approval of both agencies of TIP/STIP entries
is required for projects to be funded.
is of course not to quarrel, but to cooperate, such that projects
moving forward have the endorsement of both parties. To emphasize,
to move forward any project must be on the STIP/TIP.
of the public has the right to state what they do and do not
want in the STIP/TIP. Local elected officials will be interested
in this input. Public meetings at which to express your views
are also held.
public comment period provided is thirty days prior to a vote
on the STIP/TIP. The date and time for a public input meeting
on the STIP/TIP will be advertised in the News Times at least
15 days before the meeting.
final STIP/TIP either differs significantly from the one which
was first made available for public comment, or if it raises
new material issues which interested parties could not reasonably
have foreseen, an additional opportunity for public comment
on the revised STIP/TIP will be made available.
When written or oral comments are received on the
draft STIP/TIP as a result of the public involvement
process, a summary, analysis, and report on the disposition
of comments shall be made part of the final STIP/TIP.
Questions regarding the HVCEO TIP or any of the projects
listed in the combined STIP/TIP may be directed to:
David Hannon, HVCEO Deputy Director, Old Town Hall,
Routes 25 & 133, 162 Whisconier Road, Brookfield,
CT 06804, Phone: (203) 775-6256, Fax: (203) 740-9167,
email to email@example.com.
2. STATEWIDE TRANSPORTATION
The Statewide Transportation Improvement Program
(STIP) is a five year financial document that lists
all projects expected to be funded in those five years
with federal participation. It is a compilation of
the regional TIP's.
Conn DOT's Office of Policy develops this document
in cooperation with the state's eleven metropolitan
planning organizations (MPOs) and in consultation
with the state's four rural regional planning organizations
is multimodal and includes investments in various modes such
as rail and bus transit as well as highway facilities. The
STIP is the means of implementing the goals and objectives
identified in long range regional and state transportation
on rare occasions has HVCEO vetoed a project on the draft
TIP - the goal is to cooperate and benefit the area.
3. FISCAL CONSTRAINT REQUIRED
Federal regulations require that every regional
TIP and state STIP be “fiscally constrained,”
meaning that program costs for a given year cannot
exceed program revenues for the same year.
However, since most federal funding authorizations
are made for statewide programs, individual regions
are dependent on Conn DOT to provide estimates of
the amount of federal funds available statewide, and
for assuring that a sufficient portion of those funds
are allocated to each region to cover the cost of
each region’s programmed projects.
included in the STIP, such as the Enhancement Program, require
a local match to federal funds rather than a state match.
This is provided by the municipality in which the project
funding sources on the TIP/STIP may include bonding, state
LOCIP grants or other sources.
4. PROCESSING OF FREQUENT TIP
AMENDMENTS AND ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIONS
HVCEO will receive periodic requests from Conn DOT
to adjust the adopted STIP/TIP. This is done through
a process of amendments and administrative actions.
Conn DOT makes the determination as to which changes
need to be acted upon as the more complex amendments
and which changes can be acted upon as the simpler
Administrative actions are limited to those projects
where cost estimates are changing by less than 20%.
They are not for projects where the scope of what
is to be constructed is now to vary significantly
from what has already been approved thru the more
rigorous TIP amendment process.
changes to the STIP/TIP, as identified by Conn DOT, require
a Council vote and a formal amendment process. But minor changes
to the STIP/TIP can be accomplished by administrative actions
at the discretion of the HVCEO Executive Director without
a vote by the Council. The following guidelines define the
Whenever a request is received from Conn DOT for either a
STIP/TIP amendment or administrative action, the request is
checked against what the HVCEO or executive director has already
--- HVCEO contacts Conn DOT's liaison person with any questions.
If the requested STIP/TIP change involves a request for an
administrative action, the executive director will determine
if the proposed action needs to be reviewed by the affected
the requested change is an amendment, it is placed on the
Council's agenda for action and no administrative action solely
by staff is appropriate. Even if the requested amendment is
for a minor change an informational call is usually made to
the affected municipal chief elected official, prior to a
vote on the amendment request by the HVCEO.
--- Once voted approved by the HCEO or signed-off by the executive
director, a copy of the endorsing resolution or administrative
action is transmitted to the Conn DOT liaison person and copies
are placed in the TIP file.
5. PROCEDURES FOR
FULL TIP/STIP UPDATE
5A. PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT
HVCEO’s policy to facilitate proper
administration and public involvement during the semi-annual
consideration and adoption of the full TIP for the
Housatonic Valley Region includes the following:
--- HVCEO will provide a 30 day public comment period
on the draft TIP for the Housatonic Valley Region
prior to consideration for endorsement.
--- HVCEO will hold a public meeting on the draft
--- HVCEO will advertise the public meeting in a local
newspaper at least 15 days in advance of the meeting.
(see notice below).
--- HVCEO will post the draft TIP on the HVCEO web
5B. RELATED APPROVALS
The "Resolution Endorsing the TIP" will
be adopted at the same meeting as related approvals,
which are the TIP’s two Air Quality Conformity
5C. MODEL LEGAL NOTICE (IN THIS CASE FOR
Valley Council of Elected Officials (HVCEO), acting
as the federally designated Metropolitan Planning
Organization (MPO) for transportation planning in
the HVCEO Region, will hold a public information meeting
on Wednesday, January 4, 2012 at 7:00 P.M. to provide
an opportunity for the public to review and comment
on the draft 2012-2015 Statewide Transportation Improvement
Program (STIP), the draft Transportation Improvement
Program (TIP) for the HVCEO Region, and related air
quality conformance documents.
This information provides
a listing of proposed federally funded transportation
projects for the HVCEO Region, which includes the
ten municipalities of Bethel, Bridgewater, Brookfield,
Danbury, New Fairfield, New Milford, Newtown, Redding,
Ridgefield and Sherman. The meeting will be held in
HVCEO’s office, located at 162 Whisconier Road (Route
25), Brookfield, CT.
Capital and operating
projects under the Federal Transit Administration's
Section 5307 Urbanized Area Formula Program, sponsored
by the Housatonic Area Regional Transit District,
are included in the draft STIP and TIP.
This information is available
for review at HVCEO’s office, via the mail to you,
and on HVCEO’s web site at: http://www.hvceo.org/transport/transport_TIP.php.
The HVCEO will meet on
Thursday, January 19, 2012 at 12:30 P.M. in the Brookfield
Town Hall at 100 Pocono Road in Brookfield, CT to
consider endorsement of the draft STIP, TIP and related
air quality conformance documents. Comments on these
items can be submitted in writing to HVCEO prior to
the meeting or in person at the meeting. Comments
on these items can also be submitted in writing directly
to the Connecticut Department of Transportation (2800
Berlin Turnpike, Newington, CT 06111).
To receive a copy of the
draft STIP, TIP and related air quality conformance
documents, to ask questions, to submit written comments,
or to obtain directions to meeting locations, contact
David Hannon at HVCEO, telephone (203) 775-6256, or
6. FEDERAL TRANSPORTATION
The program definitions and information below are
useful in reading and reacting to the draft TIP/STIP:
FTA Section 5309 Capital Funding Program
(80/20) - includes “New Starts”
Federal Transit Administration (FTA) administers several
transit funding programs. The Section 5309 program
provides capital funding for the establishment of
new rapid transit projects (New Starts: 40%), the
improvement and maintenance of existing rail and other
fixed guideway systems (Rail Modernization: 40%),
and the rehabilitation of bus systems (Bus and Other:
start funds are all awarded on a discretionary basis. Proposed
new rail services must compete against proposals from other
areas of the country. The FTA will pay up to 80% of the total
project costs for projects funded through Section 5309. State
and local governments are required to fund at least 20% of
FTA Section 5307 Capital & Preventive
Maintenance Program (80/20)
The FTA Section 5307 funds are available to urbanized
areas with a population of 50,000 or more. Funds are
distributed to states on a formula basis. Eligible
purposes include planning, engineering design and
evaluation of transit projects and other technical
transportation-related studies; capital investments
in bus and bus-related activities such as replacement
of buses, overhaul of buses, and rebuilding of buses.
Also, crime prevention and security equipment and
construction of maintenance and passenger facilities;
and capital investments in new and existing fixed
guideway systems including rolling stock, overhaul
and rebuilding of vehicles, track, signals, communications,
and computer hardware and software. All preventive
maintenance and some Americans with Disabilities Act
complementary paratransit service costs are considered
In the Housatonic Valley Region, the funds have been
used primarily to purchase replacement buses for the
Housatonic Area Regional Transit District (HART) system
and for the HART bus garage. In Connecticut, the State
DOT, the regional planning agencies, and the regional
transit districts have agreed to a process of “pooling”
earmarked funds into a general statewide capital program.
This allows a more effective program for purchasing
and replacing buses. Because the average life of a
bus is 12 years, and it is more costly to purchase
only a few buses at a time, most urban areas purchase
infrequently, but in larger quantities. The statewide
pooling of funds makes it easier to accommodate these
irregular replacement schedules. The Federal Transit
Administration will pay 80 percent of the cost of
a project funded with Section 5307 funds.
Interstate Maintenance (90/10)
The Interstate Maintenance program provides federal funds
to rehabilitate, restore, and resurface the Interstate highway
system. These funds can only be used on Interstate highways.
Federal funds can be used to pay for up to 90 percent of a
National Highway System (80/20)
The National Highway System (NHS) funds can be used for improvements
(new lanes, reconstruction, resurfacing, etc.) on roadways
designated as part of the National Highway System. These include
all the Interstate routes as well as other freeways and specially
designated "principal arterials". Qualified major
roadways in the Housatonic Valley Region include: I-84, and
portions of Route 6, Route 7, Route 25, Routes 202.
eligibility guidelines for NHS are more flexible than the
Interstate programs. Funds can be used for transit projects,
ridesharing projects, or any other type of project in the
travel corridor served by a NHS road so long as it improves
travel in the corridor. Funds can even be transferred to some
of the STP programs as well (see STP sections below.) The
funding ratio for the NHS program is 80 percent federal funds
to be matched by 20 percent State funds.
STP-Urban Program (80/20)
The STP-Urban program is one of several Surface Transportation
Programs that provide funds for projects not on the Interstate
System or the National Highway System. The funds are intended
to benefit minor arterial and collector roads rather than
the more critical principal arterials funded by the Interstate
and NHS programs. However, to be eligible a roadway must still
be classified by the Federal Highway Administration as a collector
or arterial. Purely local roads such as subdivision streets
are not eligible.
program provides funds for improvements to eligible roads
in urban areas. These eligibility guidelines for STP-Urban
are flexible. Funds can be used for a wide range of projects
including roadway widening, roadway reconstruction and transit
has primary responsibility for determining how to spend STP-Urban
funds in the Federally defined urban areas of the Housatonic
Valley Region. STP-U funds are allocated to urban areas according
to a formula that is based on population of the area. Since
funds are earmarked for specific urban areas, metropolitan
planning organizations, such as HVCEO, are responsible for
setting funding priorities. The funding ratio for the STP-Urban
program is 80 percent federal funds to be matched by 20 percent
State and/or local funds.
STP-Anywhere Program (80/20)
As the name implies, STP-Anywhere funds can be used anywhere
in a state. Since STP-Anywhere funds are not allocated to
specific urban areas or regions, the Connecticut Department
of Transportation usually determines where the funds will
be spent and which projects will be funded. The funds can
be used for any type of transportation project. Historically,
this program is the largest of all the STP funding categories.
The funding ratio for the STP-Anywhere program is 80 percent
federal funds to be matched by 20 percent State funds.
STP-Safety Program (80/20)
Ten percent of all STP funds must be spent on safety improvement
projects. The Connecticut DOT uses a list of high accident
rate locations to select and develop candidate projects for
this program. Projects are also selected from DOT's program
to improve railroad grade crossings. The funding ratio for
the STP-Safety program is 80 percent federal funds to be matched
by 20 percent State funds.
STP-Enhancement Program (80/20)
Ten percent of all STP funds must be spent on transportation
enhancement projects. There is no single criterion
or definition of what constitutes an "enhancement"
project. Generally, however, the project should enhance
the environment of motorists, transit users, pedestrians,
or bicyclists. Restoration of historic transportation
facilities is also an eligible type of project. Categories
of eligible activities that relate to surface transportation
• Facilities for pedestrians and bicycles
• Safety and educational activities for pedestrians
• Scenic easements and scenic or historic sites
• Landscaping and other scenic beautification
• Historic preservation
• Rehabilitation & operation of historic
• Preservation of abandoned railway corridors
• Control and removal of outdoor advertising
• Archeological planning and research
• Environmental mitigation to address water
due to highway runoff or reduce wildlife mortality
maintaining habitat connectivity
• Establishment of transportation museums
DOT selects the STP-Enhancement projects in consultation with
all of the regional planning organizations in the State. Each
region submits its highest priority projects and DOT selects
from among the submittals. The funding ratio for the STP-Enhancement
program is 80 percent federal funds to be matched by 20 percent
local funds. Typically, the State does not provide the matching
funds for this program.
High Priority Projects (80/20)
The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation
Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) included over
3,600 high priority projects specified by Congress. Unlike
other funding programs authorized by SAFETEA, Congress included
a specific list of individual projects to be included in the
program. Funds can only be used for the projects on the list.
The funding ratio for the high priority program is 80 percent
federal funds to be matched by 20 percent non-federal funds.
Bridge Program: On System (80/20)
The primary federal bridge program is the "On System"
bridge program. It provides funds to replace or rehabilitate
bridges on eligible roads. To be eligible a bridge must be
on a road classified as a collector or higher. That is, it
must be "on" the Federal-Aid road system. The Connecticut
DOT has a program of regularly inspecting and rating the condition
of bridges. Candidate projects are selected from the list
of bridges with poor or fair condition ratings. Typically
municipal bridges are not considered in the selection process.
The funding ratio for the on system bridge program is 80 percent
federal funds to be matched by 20 percent State funds.
Bridge Program: Off System (80/20)
Another (and smaller) federal bridge program is the "Off
System" bridge program. It provides funds to replace
or rehabilitate bridges that are not on the Federal-Aid road
system. The Connecticut DOT has a program of regularly inspecting
and rating the condition of local as well as State bridges.
Candidate projects are selected from the list of local and
State bridges with poor or fair condition ratings. Since most
State roads are on the Federal-Aid road system, they are not
qualified for this program. Many of the funded projects are
municipal bridges. The funding ratio for the off system bridge
program is 80 percent federal funds to be matched by 20 percent
Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Program (80/20)
Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality is a program created
specifically to address congestion and air quality problems.
Funds must be used for projects that reduce congestion and/or
vehicular emissions. The funds are intended to help achieve
the goal of the 1990 federal Clean Air Act Amendments. Examples
of eligible activities include: transit improvements, travel
demand management strategies, traffic flow improvements, and
public fleet conversions to cleaner fuels.
are distributed to states based on the number of people living
in air quality non-attainment areas and the severity of the
state's air pollution problem. A one-half percent minimum
apportionment is guaranteed to each state. The funding ratio
for the CMAQ program is 80 percent federal funds to be matched
by 20 percent State funds. Some CMAQ projects may qualify
for 100 percent federal funding.
How to Read TIP Project Listings
--- Project Location: Name of the municipality(s) or area
(Some projects are multi-town or statewide.)
--- Route or System: Name of the road(s) or transportation
system affected by the project.
--- Description: Brief description of the project.
--- Project Description – Sometimes a project description
will contain an “AC” notation. The initials “AC”
stand for Advance Construction, which is a term used to describe
a Conn DOT financing procedure in which a project is ‘advertised’
for construction bids late in one fiscal year (noted by an
“AC Entry” notation), with the actual funding
commitment occurring in the following fiscal year (noted by
an “AC Conversion” notation.) These projects are
typically listed for both years, with “0” funding
showing in the year of advertisement, and the full funding
showing in the following year, the year of funding obligation.
--- Project Phase: Designates which phase of the project is
--- PE - design/engineering
--- ROW - rights-of-way acquisition
--- CON - construction
--- ACQ - acquisition of capital equipment
--- OTH - other activity
--- Year: Year in which federal funds are scheduled to be
committed or "obligated" to the project; 07 = federal
fiscal year 2007 (Oct. 1, 2006- Sept. 30, 2007); 08 = federal
fiscal year 2008 (Oct. 1, 2007 - Sept. 30, 2008), etc.
--- Total Cost ($000): The total cost of the phase being funded.
(Federal share + State share + Local share). Federal ($000):
The Federal share of the phase being funded (in thousands).
State ($000): The State share of phase being funded (in thousands).
Local ($000): The Local or town share of phase being funded
--- Project Number State project number assigned to the project.
--- Federal Funding Program: Name of the federal transportation
program that will be used to fund the project.